to the scriptural description of the brahmand the entire earth
planet is called Bharatvarsh, but particularly the area of
the continent that lies south of the Himalayas is called Bharatvarsh.
It is also called Aryavart. The inhabitants of Aryavart are
called the Aryans as referred to in the Rigved. Thus, the
words Bhartiya or Aryans were both used for the inhabitants
of Bharatvarsh or Aryavart, however, the words Bhartiya and
Bharatvarsh were more popular.
used to call ‘Hindu’ for the Sindhu river, which was a localized
version of the word Sindhu. When Muslims invaded Bharatvarsh
from the west (which was the land of the Sindhu river) they
started calling the inhabitants of Bharatvarsh ‘the Hindus.’
Accordingly, the country of the Hindus was called Hindustan
by them which means: