Great War of Mahabharat between the Pandavas and the Kauravas
happened in 3139 BC. The Pandavas, after winning the Mahabharat
war, ruled Hastinapur for 36 years and 8 months until the
beginning of kaliyug in 3102 BC. Since the Mahabharat
war and the beginning of kaliyug were important historical
events, they have been widely documented in Bhartiya scriptures
and frequently referenced by great scholars such as Mahakavi
greatest poet, writer and the literary figure of his time
and Aryabhatt, the greatest astronomer and mathematician.
There are astrological, natural, geographical, physical, inscriptional
and scriptural evidences that unquestionably establish the
date of Mahabharat war as 3139 BC and the beginning of kaliyug
as 3102 BC.
The dynasty of Surya Vansh of Kaushal (Ayodhya) ends with
Sumitra (Bhagwatam 9/12/16); the dynasty of Chandra Vansh
of Hastinapur ends with Chemak (Bhagwatam 9/22/44, 45); and
the dynasties of the kingdom of Magadh flourished up to the
Gupt dynasty (80’s BC).
The kingdom of Hastinapur, after Chemak, was constantly ruled
by the people who took over the throne. An ancient book describing
the date-wise chronology of all the kings of Hastinapur (Indraprasth
or Delhi) from Yudhishthir up to Vikramaditya was found by
the proprietors of the fortnightly magazine of Nathdwara (Rajasthan)
called “Harishchandra Chandrika and Mohan Chandrika” in about
1872 AD. The proprietor of the magazine printed the entire
description in two of its issues (called kiran) 19
and 20 of 1882.
figure above is only a section of the magazine. It
gives full date-wise detail of each and every king
who ruled Hastinapur from Yudhishthir up to Vikramaditya.
This is one of the rarest records that survived
through this magazine.
The description is detailed to year-month-days of each and
every king who ruled. By adding the total number of years
of the four dynasties from Yudhishthir to Vikramaditya, it
comes to 3,148 years which is 3111 Kali era or 9 AD, which
represents the date when Vikramaditya left this earth planet.
Vikramaditya ruled Hastinapur for 93 years
BC to 9 AD. Accordingly, the date for the Mahabharat war comes
to (3148 – 9 = 3139 BC).
to the Bhavishya Puran and Rajtarangini, Vikramaditya lived
between 102 BC and 15 AD; and according to the above details
his period ends by 9 AD. There is only a difference of 6 years
in the date-wise record of 70 kings who ruled Hastinapur for
3,055 years. A discrepancy of 6 years in 3,000 years of record
could be a copying or printing mistake, and is thus negligible
when dealing with a longer span of years.
unbroken chronology of the exact dates of all the Hindu
kings of the 4 dynasties that ruled Hastinapur (up to Vikramaditya)
since the reign of Yudhishthir is the most potent evidence
that Mahabharat war had happened in 3139 BC.
There is a most prestigious, 48 page detailed date-wise journal
(panchang) with all the astrological facts and figures called
“Vishva Panchangam”, established in 1925
and published by Kashi Hindu Vishvavidyalaya
(Benares Hindu University), Varanasi. It gives all the three
eras: Kali era, Vikram era and (Shalivahan) Shak era. It is
It says on page 3 that 5,100 years have already elapsed
before 2056 Vikram year which is 1999 AD. It means that the
existing Kali era is 5101 in 1999 AD, which comes to (5101
- 1999) 3102 BC.
The greatest astronomer and mathematician, Aryabhatt, was
born in 476 AD. His work in astronomy is an asset to the scholars.
He gave an accurate figure for pi ()
3.1416. He finished his book “Aryabhattiya” in 499 AD in which
he gives the exact year of the beginning of kaliyug. He writes,
“When the three yugas (satyug, tretayug
and dwaparyug) have elapsed and 60 x 60 (3,600) years
of kaliyug have already passed, I am now 23 years
old.” It means that in the 3,601st year of Kali era he was
23 years old. Aryabhatt was born in 476 AD. Thus, the beginning
of kaliyug comes to 3,601 - (476 + 23) = 3102 BC.
Lord Krishn ascended to His Divine abode at the end of dwaparyug
and immediately kaliyug
started in 3102 BC. When Bhagwan Krishn left the
earth planet and ascended to His Divine abode a catastrophic
rain, storm and sea deluge, that lasted for seven days, totally
drowned and destroyed Dwarika town. This catastrophe was also
recorded in Babylonia’s ancient town Ur (which was mythologized
in the West as Noah’s flood) and the ancient Mayan records.
The dates of both are the same.
(For a complete list of kings of Hastinapur from Yudhishthir
to Vikramaditya and their exact reigning periods and for detailed
physical, geographical, inscriptional and scriptural information
about the date of Mahabharat war and the beginning of kaliyug,
read pages 477–506 of “The
True History and the Religion of India” which
documents 17 positive evidences.)